1. Most people know that vampires don’t exist. The interest in vampire literature, therefore, derives not from the study of any physical reality but from the metaphorical sense of what vampires represent. The leading scholars of this genre agree that vampire literature allows us to play out our fears, especially since it tends to rise in popularity during times of great social change.
J. R. Ward (the pen name of Jessica Bird) published Dark Lover, the first novel in her Black Dagger Brotherhood series, in 2005. It was an instant success. What type of social change in America was underway at that time that the Brothers and their foes, the Lessers, might represent?
You might also consider that Stephanie Meyer’s Twilight, the first novel in her vampire series, was also published in 2005.